LaTeX and TEI

We have talked in previous posts about some of the most important and successful markup languages that we can find nowadays such as, for instance, HTML, XML or XHTML. However, in today’s post I am briefly going to mention and introduce two markup languages – LaTeX and TEI – that could be new to some of you in spite of their great utility in some specific fields of knowledge.



The first markup language that we are going to study today is LaTeX, which was created in 1984 by Leslie Lamport in order to make easier the use of Donald Knuth’s TeX. This markup language is widely accepted among mathematicians, scientists, engineers, philosophers, economists and other scholars due to its ability to write academic and technical books containing mathematic signs and formulae.

In addition, I would like to introduce you TEI. The Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) is an association of American and European academic institutions that has developed a standard for representation of texts in digital form. The TEI has set some guidelines specifying encoding methods for machine-readable texts in the areas of humanities and social sciences.

The TEI has collaborated with important institutions such as, for example, the Brown University or Oxford; and, as a result, the TEI has taken extremelly interesting projects including the Canterbury Tales Project, the Oxford Text Archive, the Perseus Project or the New Zealand Electronic Text Centre, just to mention some of them.

Summing up, although some markup languages are not as popular as others, we have discovered that all of them can be truly successful when we are dealing with a very particular field of knowledge and its special needs for encoding texts. I hope that you have found this entry about LaTeX and TEI helpful and interesting. To conclude, as always, I encourage you to keep on investigating this matter of markup languages (BibTeX… ) because you will not regret.


(Note: in the future this article could be modified several times in order to include more up-to-date information.)

1 Response to “LaTeX and TEI”

  1. 1 Joseba Abaitua 7 February, 2010 at 10:37 pm

    Although these two markups are very different, there was surely some cross-influence between SGML and LaTeX. Both were developed in the eighties and separate layout from content. Many interesting references that should go to your CiteUlike account.

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November 2009


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