Posts Tagged 'Walter J. Ong'

Second debate in the Moodle forum

Human communication has suffered a constant evolution along the millenniums. When we study this process, the first idea that we should remark is the oral transmission of information. This ability is one of the most important characteristics of human race, allowing us to difference ourselves from animals and share knowledge in order to evolve.

According to Walter J. Ong we could distinguish two types of orality; the primary orality, which makes reference to the verbal expression among members of a society without written literature; and secondary orality, which referes to the oral transmission in societies with written literature and printing knowledge.

Continue reading ‘Second debate in the Moodle forum’

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Orality and writing, human communication step by step

Human communication has suffered a constant evolution along the millenniums. When we study this process, the first idea that we should remark is the oral transmission of information. This ability is one of the most important characteristics of human race, allowing us to difference ourselves from animals and share knowledge in order to evolve.

Socrates_Louvre

"Writing is inhuman" Socrates. Bust of Socrates (469 BC–399 BC) at the Louvre Museum in Paris

According to professor Walter J. Ong we could distinguish different types of orality; the ‘primary orality’, which refers to the verbal expression among members of a society without written literature; the ‘residual orality’, which refers to the verbal expression in cultures that have had a previous contact with writing and print, but have not completely ‘interiorized’ the use of these technologies in their daily lives, because, in the opinion of  Marshall McLuhan, another important communications theorist, as a culture interiorizes the tools of literacy, the ‘residual orality’ diminishes; finally, we find in the electronic age the ‘secondary orality’, which displaces written words with audio/visual technologies.

Continue reading ‘Orality and writing, human communication step by step’


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  • Critical Essay: Focus on form VS. Focus on meaning 11 February, 2014
    Focus on form refers to instruction that focuses learners’ attention to linguistic structure within a meaningful context. In what ways do Swain (1985) and Van Patten (1990) provide empirical support for focus on form as opposed to an exclusive focus ...
    albagutierrez
  • Chinese New Year customs 6 February, 2014
    Chinese New Year, also known as the Spring Festival is the main Chinese festival of the year. Reporters as Lauren Mack and Rose Mathews have written about Chinese traditional New Year celebration. In China it is customary to offer foods … Continu...
    Ainhoa Dárceles Romaratezabala
  • DIDIER SORNETTE: “CRISES ARE PREDICTABLE” 6 February, 2014
    “Crises are predictable” said the economist Didier Sornette at TEDGlobal 2013. According to the risk economist we have been living by the illusions produced by the high economic growth that had […]
    Marina Fernández
  • Inundaciones del 83; el renacer del “Bocho” 5 February, 2014
    Las inundaciones que sufrió Vizcaya, pero especialmente Bilbao, en agosto de 1983 marcaron un antes y un después en la historia “del bocho”. Las causas de esta terrible catástrofe se centran en la llamada “gota fría” que supone una precipitación abundante y ráfagas de viento huracanas que en ocasiones pueden ir acompañadas de tormentas eléctricas […] […]
    Tamara López Martín
  • Types of tourists 5 February, 2014
    As we all know, tourist is the person who travels away from her home and spends more than 24 hours and less than a year in a certain place. People can travel for business and professional reasons, for leisure and holiday … Continue reading →
    Paula Gutierrez
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