Archive for December, 2008

Third debate in the Moodle forum

A markup language is an artificial language that uses a set of annotations to text that give information about the structure of the text or how it must be displayed. There are more than one markup language but, probably, the most popular ones are the HTML and the XML because of their massive use in the World Wide Web. Both of them have its origin in the SGML but after analysing them we can find some differences:

Continue reading ‘Third debate in the Moodle forum’

Web content, in depth

When we talk about content we are referring to a piece of information that, for any reason, is valuable for users and that could be delivered by different media such as the Internet, books, television, audio CD’s, or even live events like conferences, presentations or expositions.

Content architecture representation

Content architecture representation

 Today, however, we are going to focus and put the stress on the accurate analysis of the Web content and its development. First of all, let’s define what we should understand by Web content development. We call Web content development to the process of researching, gathering and editing information for publication on Web sites. Web site content may consist of texts, graphics, pictures, movies… distributed by a hypertext protocol server, and viewed by a Web browser. Surprisingly, Louis Rosenfeld and Peter Morville, two important information architecture researchers, also include in the Web content the future applications of the Web that do not exist right now.

Continue reading ‘Web content, in depth’

Markup languages, from printer to the Web

A markup language is an artificial language that uses a set of annotations to text that give information about the structure of the text or how it must be displayed. The term ‘markup’ comes from the traditional publishing practice of marking up’ a manuscript, what involves adding symbolic printer’s instructions in the margins. For centuries, this task was done by skilled typographers known as ‘markup men’ who took down these symbols in the texts to indicate what typeface, style, and size should be applied to each part. Markup languages have been applied by editors, proofreaders, and graphic designers, and recently have been used in computer typestting and word-processing systems too.

A specialized markup language based on SGML is used in the digital version of the Oxford English Dictionary.

A specialized markup language based on SGML is used in the digital version of the Oxford English Dictionary.

The first idea about a markup language in this computer science world that we are studying appeared in 1967 thanks to William W. Tunnicliffe, who led the development of a standard called GenCode for the publishing industry and later was a chair of the International Organization for Standardization committee. However, the IBM researcher Charles Goldfarb is considered the ‘father’ of markup languages because of his work at the SGML committee, the first widely used descriptive markup language.

Continue reading ‘Markup languages, from printer to the Web’

Second debate in the Moodle forum

Human communication has suffered a constant evolution along the millenniums. When we study this process, the first idea that we should remark is the oral transmission of information. This ability is one of the most important characteristics of human race, allowing us to difference ourselves from animals and share knowledge in order to evolve.

According to Walter J. Ong we could distinguish two types of orality; the primary orality, which makes reference to the verbal expression among members of a society without written literature; and secondary orality, which referes to the oral transmission in societies with written literature and printing knowledge.

Continue reading ‘Second debate in the Moodle forum’

Hypermedia, what are we talking about?

The term hypermedia was used for the first time in the book No More Teacher’s Dirty Looks by Ted Nelson in the year 1965. We call hypermedia to the procedures to design contents including texts, videos, audios, maps… that are able to interact with the user. That is the main and most important characteristic of the hypermedia. 

Aspen Movie Map

Aspen Movie Map

The first hypermedia work that we have a record of is the Aspen Movie Map, a tool developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) by a team working with Andrew Lippman in 1978 and that allowed users to take a virtual tour through the city of Aspen, Colorado. But the most modern hypermedia have been delivered, mainly, via electronic pages, using a wide range of systems including Media players, web browsers and, of course, stand-alone applications. However, when we think of hypermedia works we are not exclusively referring to computer applications, a Dvd, for instance, is a good example of hypermedia.

Continue reading ‘Hypermedia, what are we talking about?’

Orality and writing, human communication step by step

Human communication has suffered a constant evolution along the millenniums. When we study this process, the first idea that we should remark is the oral transmission of information. This ability is one of the most important characteristics of human race, allowing us to difference ourselves from animals and share knowledge in order to evolve.

Socrates_Louvre

"Writing is inhuman" Socrates. Bust of Socrates (469 BC–399 BC) at the Louvre Museum in Paris

According to professor Walter J. Ong we could distinguish different types of orality; the ‘primary orality’, which refers to the verbal expression among members of a society without written literature; the ‘residual orality’, which refers to the verbal expression in cultures that have had a previous contact with writing and print, but have not completely ‘interiorized’ the use of these technologies in their daily lives, because, in the opinion of  Marshall McLuhan, another important communications theorist, as a culture interiorizes the tools of literacy, the ‘residual orality’ diminishes; finally, we find in the electronic age the ‘secondary orality’, which displaces written words with audio/visual technologies.

Continue reading ‘Orality and writing, human communication step by step’


Calendar

December 2008
M T W T F S S
« Nov   Feb »
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031  

Categories

RSS My Google Books Library

  • An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Try again later.

RSS Rss Planet Littera

  • Critical Essay: Focus on form VS. Focus on meaning 11 February, 2014
    Focus on form refers to instruction that focuses learners’ attention to linguistic structure within a meaningful context. In what ways do Swain (1985) and Van Patten (1990) provide empirical support for focus on form as opposed to an exclusive focus ...
    albagutierrez
  • Chinese New Year customs 6 February, 2014
    Chinese New Year, also known as the Spring Festival is the main Chinese festival of the year. Reporters as Lauren Mack and Rose Mathews have written about Chinese traditional New Year celebration. In China it is customary to offer foods … Continu...
    Ainhoa Dárceles Romaratezabala
  • DIDIER SORNETTE: “CRISES ARE PREDICTABLE” 6 February, 2014
    “Crises are predictable” said the economist Didier Sornette at TEDGlobal 2013. According to the risk economist we have been living by the illusions produced by the high economic growth that had […]
    Marina Fernández
  • Inundaciones del 83; el renacer del “Bocho” 5 February, 2014
    Las inundaciones que sufrió Vizcaya, pero especialmente Bilbao, en agosto de 1983 marcaron un antes y un después en la historia “del bocho”. Las causas de esta terrible catástrofe se centran en la llamada “gota fría” que supone una precipitación abundante y ráfagas de viento huracanas que en ocasiones pueden ir acompañadas de tormentas eléctricas […] […]
    Tamara López Martín
  • Types of tourists 5 February, 2014
    As we all know, tourist is the person who travels away from her home and spends more than 24 hours and less than a year in a certain place. People can travel for business and professional reasons, for leisure and holiday … Continue reading →
    Paula Gutierrez